Chapter7

7.11)

A simple random sample of n = 300 full-time employees is selected from a company list containing the names of all N = 5,000 full-time employees in order to evaluate job satisfaction.

A) Give an example of possible coverage error.

C) Give an example of possible sampling error.

7.15)

Given a normal distribution with = 100 and = 10, if you select a sample of n – 25, what is the probability that X is

A) less than 95?

C) above 102.2?

7.27)

You plan to conduct a marketing experiment in which students are to taste one of two different brands of soft drink. Their task is to correctly identify the brand tasted. You select a random sample of 200 students and assume that the students have no ability to distinguish between the two brands. (Hint : If an individual has no ability to distinguish between the two drinks, then each brand is equally likely to be selected).

A) What is the probability that the sample will have between 50% and 60% of the identifications correct?

C) What is the probability that the sample percentage of correct identifications is greater than 65%?

Chapter 8

8.1)

If X = 85, = 8, and n = 64, construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the population mean, .

8.13)

Assuming that the population is normally distributed, construct a 95% confidence interval estimate for the population mean for each of the following samples:

Sample A: 1,1,1,1,8,8,8,8

Sample B: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

Explain why these two samples produce different confidence intervals even though they have the same mean and range.

8.15)

A stationery store wants to estimate the mean retail value of greeting cards that it has in its inventory. A random sample of 100 greeting cards indicates a mean value of $2.55 and a standard deviation of $0.44.

A) Assuming a normal distribution, construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the mean value of all greeting cards in the store’s inventory.

B) Suppose there were 2,500 greeting cards in the store’s inventory. How are the results in (a) useful in assisting the store owner to estimate the total value of her inventory?

8.17)

The U.S. Department of Transportation requires tire manufacturers to provide tire performance information on the sidewall of the tire to better inform prospective customers when making purchasing decisions. One very important measure of tire performance is the tread wear index, which indicates the tire’s resistance to tread wear compared with a tire graded with a base of 100. This means that a tire with a grade of 200 should last twice as long, on average, as a tire graded with a base of 100. A consumer organization wants to estimate the actual tread wear index of a brand name of tires that claims “graded 200” on the sidewall of the tire. A random sample of n = 18 indicates a sample mean tread wear index of 195.3 and a sample standard deviation of 21.4.

A) Assuming that the population of tread wear indexes is normally distributed, construct a 95% confidence interval estimate of the population mean tread wear index for tires produced by this manufacturer under this brand name.

B) Do you think that the consumer organization should accuse the manufacturer of producing tires that do not meet the performance information provided on the sidewall of the tire? Explain.

8.29)

In a survey of 1,200 social media users, 76% said it is

okay to friend co-workers, but 56% said it is not okay to

friend your boss. (Data extracted from Facebook Etiquette

at Work, USA Today, March 24, 2010, p. 1B.)

a. Construct a 95% confidence interval estimate for the

population proportion of social media users who would

say it is okay to friend co-workers

b. Construct a 95% confidence interval estimate for the

population proportion of social media users who would

say it is not okay to friend their boss.

8.39)

If the manager of a paint supply store wants to estimate the mean amount of paint in a 1 – gallon can to within 0.004 gallon with 95% confidence and also assumes that the standard deviation is 0.02 gallon, what sample size is needed?