Managerial Accounting 1B Ch19
Question Detail:

Managerial Accounting 1B

Financial and Managerial Accounting

Chapter 19

Exercise 19-1 Income reporting under absorption costing and variable costing L.O. P2

Adams Company, a manufacturer of in-home decorative fountains, began operations on September 1 of the current year. Its cost and sales information for this year follows.

Production costs

Direct materials

$

40

per unit

Direct labor

$

60

per unit

Overhead costs for the year

Variable overhead

$

3,000,000

Fixed overhead

$

7,000,000

Nonproduction costs for the year

Variable selling and administrative

$

770,000

Fixed selling and administrative

$

4,250,000

Production and sales for the year

Units produced

100,000

units

Units sold

70,000

units

Sales price per unit

$

350

per unit

Prepare an income statement for the company using absorption costing. (Input all amounts as positive values except net loss which should be indicated with a minus sign. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Prepare an income statement for the company using variable costing. (Input all amounts as positive values except net loss which should be indicated with a minus sign. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Under what circumstance(s) is reported income identical under both absorption costing and variable costing?

Exercise 19-4 Income reporting under absorption costing and variable costing L.O. P2

[The following information applies to the questions displayed below.]

Woodson Company, a producer of solid oak tables, reports the following data from its current year operations, which is its second year of business.

Sales price per unit

$

320

per unit

Units produced this year

115,000

units

Units sold this year

118,000

units

Units in beginning-year inventory

3,000

units

Beginning inventory costs

Variable (3,000 units $135)

$

405,000

Fixed (3,000 units $80)

240,000

Total

$

645,000

Production costs this year

Direct materials

$

40

per unit

Direct labor

$

62

per unit

Overhead costs this year

Variable overhead

$

3,220,000

Fixed overhead

$

7,400,000

Nonproduction costs this year

Variable selling and administrative

$

1,416,000

Fixed selling and administrative

4,600,000

  1. Exercise 19-4 Part 1

Prepare the current year income statement for the company using absorption costing. (Input all amounts as positive values except net loss which should be indicated with a minus sign. Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

  1. Exercise 19-4 Part 2

Prepare the current year income statement for the company using variable costing. (Input all amounts as positive values except net loss which should be indicated with a minus sign. Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

  1. Exercise 19-6 Converting variable costing income to absorption costing income L.O. P2, P4

Lyon Furnaces prepares the income statement under variable costing for its managerial reports, and it prepares the income statement under absorption costing for external reporting. For its first month of operations, 375 furnaces were produced and 225 were sold; this left 150 furnaces in ending inventory. The income statement information under variable costing follows.

Sales (225 $1,600)

$

360,000

Variable production cost (225 $625)

140,625

Variable selling and administrative expenses (225 $65)

14,625

Contribution margin

204,750

Fixed overhead cost

56,250

Fixed selling and administrative expense

75,000

Net income

$

73,500

Prepare this company’s income statement for its first month of operations under absorption costing.(Input all amounts as positive values except net loss which should be indicated with a minus sign. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Exercise 19-9 Contribution margin format income statement L.O. P3

Polarix is a retailer of ATVs (all terrain vehicles) and accessories. An income statement for its Consumer ATV Department for the current year follows. ATVs sell, on average, for $3,800. Variable selling expenses are $270 each. The remaining selling expenses are fixed. Administrative expenses are 40% variable and 60% fixed. The company does not manufacture its own ATVs; it purchases them from a supplier for $1,830 each.

POLARIX
Income Statement Consumer ATV Department
For Year Ended December 21, 2011

Sales

$

646,000

Cost of goods sold

311,100

Gross margin

334,900

Operating expenses

Selling expenses

$

135,000

Administrative expenses

59,500

194,500

Net income

$

140,400

Required:

Prepare an income statement for this current year using the contribution margin format. (Input all amounts as positive values except net loss which should be indicated with a minus sign. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

For each ATV sold during this year, what is the contribution toward covering fixed expenses and that toward earning income (Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Contribution margin per ATV

Exercise 19-11 Absorption costing and over-production L.O. C2

Rourke Inc. reports the following annual cost data for its single product.

Normal production and sales level

60,000

units

Sales price

$

56.00

per unit

Direct materials

$

9.00

Direct labor

$

6.50

per unit

Variable overhead

$

11.00

per unit

Fixed overhead

$

720,000

in total

If Rourke increases its production to 80,000 units, while sales remain at the current 60,000 unit level, by how much would the company s gross margin increase or decrease under absorption costing? Assume the company has idle capacity to double current production. (Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

Gross margin

  1. Problem 19-1A Variable costing income statement and conversion to absorption costing income L.O. P2, P4

Torres Company began operations this year. During this first year, the company produced 100,000 units and sold 80,000 units. The absorption costing income statement for its first year of operations follows.

Sales (80,000 units $50 per unit)

$

4,000,000

Cost of goods sold

Beginning inventory

$

0

Cost of goods manufactured (100,000 units $30 per unit)

3,000,000

Cost of good available for sale

3,000,000

Ending inventory (20,000 $30)

600,000

Cost of goods sold

2,400,000

Gross margin

1,600,000

Selling and administrative expenses

530,000

Net income

$

1,070,000

Additional Information

Selling and administrative expenses consist of $350,000 in annual fixed expenses and $2.25 per unit in variable selling and administrative expenses.

The company’s product cost of $30 per unit is computed as follows.

Direct materials

$

5

per unit

Direct labor

$

14

per unit

Variable overhead

$

2

per unit

Fixed overhead ($900,000 / 100,000 units)

$

9

per unit

Required:

Prepare an income statement for the company under variable costing. (Input all amounts as positive values except net loss which should be indicated with a minus sign. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)