Mr. Remick asks 9-year-old Anne to divide a pitcher of lemonade equally between two glasses, one each for her and her friend Kate. The two glasses are different shapes, with Anne’s being tall and thin and Kate’s being short and wide. After Anne pours the lemonade, Mr. Remick says to her, “Look, the lemonade in your glass is higher than the lemonade in Kate’s glass. Did you give yourself more than you gave Kate?” “No,” Anne replies, “my glass is skinnier.” Mr. Remick continues to ask Anne questions to determine how well she understands that height compensates for width in this situation. Mr. Remick’s strategy can best be described as illustrating:
B.The clinical method
Which one of the following reflects class inclusion as Piaget described it?
A.Identifying a shape as a square one day but as a triangle the next
B.Understanding that some behaviors that are perfectly acceptable at home are unacceptable at school
C.Getting cows and horses confused
D.Realizing that things that are cars are also vehicles
Question 3 of 25
Five-year-old Becky is playing with blocks, stacking them one on top of another until her towers eventually tumble, and then stacking them again. Which one of the following best reflects Piaget’s view of how Becky is probably learning in this situation?
A.Because she is probably still in the sensorimotor stage, she will remember what she learns about the blocks only while the blocks are still in front of her.
B.Because she builds one tower after another, she is obviously reinforced by seeing her towers tumble down.
C.She is actively thinking about and interpreting the results of her actions.
D.She is absorbing information about how the environment behaves (e.g., “objects fall”) without consciously thinking about it.
Question 4 of 25
Which one of the following best reflects the use of the sensory register component of the human information processing system?
A.Carrie can remember the name of another girl just long enough to introduce her to someone else.
B.Bill can remember something he heard for a second or two even though he wasn’t paying attention.
C.Abe can remember a melody for several hours, even though he doesn’t remember the words.
D.Danika understands the concept of gravity because she can relate it to her own experiences.
To prepare for his test on Tuesday morning, Harry studied on Monday night. He remembered the information long enough to do well on the test on Tuesday but could not remember it for a surprise quiz a week later. Based on this information, how far in Harry’s information processing system did the information get?
A.It reached long-term memory.
B.It reached the sensory register.
C.It reached working memory.
D.It never got into the memory system at all.
Question 6 of 25
Which one of the following situations reflects the typical duration of working memory?
A.Carol remembers most of the information that she has been learning about World War II in class this week, but she remembers very little of what she learned about World War I two weeks ago.
B.At noon, Barnie makes a mental list of the five homework assignments he needs to complete that night. At 3:00 he checks himself and realizes that he still remembers all five. However, by 7:00 p.m. he cannot recall two of the five assignments.
C.Darrell looks up the correct spelling of the word fossil, repeats the letters once, and closes the dictionary. But by the time he finds a piece of paper on which to write the word, he has forgotten how to spell it.
D.Arnie remembers his locker combination through the entire school year. By the end of summer vacation, however, he has forgotten it.
Question 7 of 25
Four high school teachers have just learned that one of their students, Ralph, has scored extremely well on an intelligence test. Which teacher reveals a belief in the concept of g in intelligence?
A.Mr. Grant says, “Ralph has trouble remembering basic math facts, but he’s very good when it comes to solving challenging math problems.”
B.Mr. Hudson says, “No wonder Ralph performs consistently well in all of his classes!”
C.Ms. Wyman says, “I agree that Ralph writes very well, but his spelling is atrocious.”
D.Ms. Crawford says, “Ralph is an exceptional writer, but from what I’ve observed, his math skills are only average.”
Question 8 of 25
Max is quite skilled in cartography, the art of making maps. Without knowing anything else about Max, in which of Gardner’s multiple intelligences would you expect him to be strong?
Robert is a 15-year-old boy who has attended U.S. schools since he began kindergarten at age 5. With this fact in mind, identify the task that is most likely to require Robert’s fluid intelligence rather than his crystallized intelligence.
A.Applying algebra to a mathematical word problem
B.Finding Egypt on a map
C.Solving a new kind of puzzle
D.Writing a persuasive essay on a current issue in the news
Question 10 of 25
Early explanations of language development rested heavily on the roles of modeling and reinforcement in learning language. Which one of the following children’s utterances casts doubt on the idea that modeling and reinforcement are sufficient to explain how children acquire language?
A.”No do dat no more!”
B.”Peek-a-boo, I see you!”
C.”Where are you going?”
Question 11 of 25
Three of the following children are behaving in ways consistent with what information processing theorists have learned about children’s early language capabilities. Which one is behaving consistently with what researchers have learned about what children can and cannot do in the first few years of life?
A.Claudia, who is 5 months old, pays more attention to her father when he talks to her using short, simple, sing-songy sentences.
B.Alec, who is 3 weeks old, seems more intrigued by rock and roll music than by his mother’s voice.
C.Donald, who is 16 months old, knows what a teddy bear is but has never heard the word lion before. When his mother shows him three teddy bears and a stuffed lion and says, “Show me the lion,” Donald hesitates and then points to the lion.
D.Bryn, who is 2 months old, seems to be more easily comforted by her father’s voice than by the voice of a strange man whose voice has a similar pitch but is significantly louder and in a different language.
Question 12 of 25
Three-year-old Robert is visiting the local zoo with his preschool class. When his teacher exclaims, “Look at the giraffe!” Robert first looks at the teacher’s face and then follows her gaze to the strange creature she is looking at. Robert’s behavior in this situation reflects:
Question 13 of 25
As Charlie reads his science textbook, he encounters the word ecology for the first time and uses the context to figure out what the word means. Given what we know about how the brain functions, we could reasonably assume that:
A.Most of his mental “work” is being done in his midbrain.
B.Most of his mental “work” is being done in the occipital lobes, located at the back of his brain.
C.He is thinking primarily in his right hemisphere.
D.Many parts of his brain are involved in this task.
Question 14 of 25
Seventeen-year-old Jonathan has suddenly started “hearing scary voices” in his head, and he worries that someone is “out to get” him. Which one of the following brain abnormalities might we suspect?
C.Fetal alcohol syndrome
Question 15 of 25
Imagine that you are the parent of a newborn baby boy. A pediatrician tells you, “About half of the neurons that your son produced in the early weeks after conception have died off.” From this information, you should conclude that your son:
A.May have difficulty learning to read and write
B.Will need to be on a respirator for the first few weeks, possibly longer
C.Will have trouble with muscular coordination and will probably need intensive physical therapy
Question 16 of 25
The forbrain is important as
A.it controls basic survival needs such as breathing.
B.it is connected to the midbrain which has the “wrinkled cap”
C.it is responsible for complex thinking and emotional responses
Question 17 of 25
The right and left hemisphere
A.is a division of the cortex only
B.will allow the left hemisphere to control the left side of the body
C.the right hemisphere has fewer neurological connections to regions of the brain
Question 18 of 25
A brain has approximately how many neurons?
Question 19 of 25
Sleep is important for children. According to your book, educators should do all the following for young children except:
A.offer a time for sleep during the day
B.recognize that sleep problems can be a sign of illness or stress
C.ask the parents about medication that will have sleep implications as a side effect.
Question 20 of 25
In most people the left side of the brain does what
Question 21 of 25
The Cattell- Horn-Carroll Theory of cognitive abilities is important as it does all the following but…
A.it found childrend differ in fluid intelligence
B.it found they differe in crystalized intelligence
C.it is specific theory that has not changed since first developed
Question 22 of 25
The following are all true of Glia cells except:
A.they out number neurons by about 100 to 1
B.they give neurons structural support and protection
C.they produce chemicals that neurons need to function properly
Question 23 of 25
Cephalocaudal trend referrs to all but:
A.the vertical order of emerging skills
B.the skills they learn to control start to extend from head and progress down to legs
C.the skills they learn to control start to extend from head and progress down to toes
Question 24 of 25
The book defines childhood obseity as:
A.above 20% of ideal weight
B.having a body fat index above 25%
C.having a body fat index of above 25% and above 20% of ideal weight
Question 25 of 25
Gardner’s multiple intelligence looks at all but…