Use the following information to complete Paul and Judy Vance s 2011 federal

income tax return. If information is missing, use reasonable assumptions to fill

in the gaps.

You may need the following forms and schedules to complete the project:

Form 1040, Schedule A, Schedule B, Schedule C, Schedule D, Schedule E,

Appendix CC-7

Schedule SE, Form 2106-EZ, Form 4562 (for the dental practice), Form 4562

(for the rental property), Form 4797, and Form 8863. The forms, schedules,

and instructions can be found at the IRS Web site ( The

instructions can be helpful in completing the forms.


1. Paul J. and Judy L. Vance are married and file a joint return. Paul is selfemployed

as a dentist, and Judy is a college professor. Paul and Judy have

three children. The oldest is Vince who lives at home. Vince is a law student

at the University of Cincinnati and worked part-time during the year, earning

$1,500, which he spent for his own support. Paul and Judy provided $6,000

toward Vince s support (including $4,000 for Vince s fall tuition). They also

provided over half the support of their daughter, Joan, who is a full-time

student at Edgecliff College in Cincinnati. Joan worked part-time as an independent

contractor during the year, earning $3,200. Joan lived at home until

she was married in December 2011. She filed a joint return with her husband,

Patrick, who earned $20,000 during the year. Jennifer is the youngest and

lived in the Vances home for the entire year. The Vances provide you with the

following additional information:

Paul and Judy would like to take advantage on their return of any

educational expenses paid for their children.

The Vances do not want to contribute to the presidential election


The Vances live at 621 Franklin Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45211.

Paul s birthday is 3/5/1957 and his Social Security number is 333-45-6666.

Judy s birthday is 4/24/1960 and her Social Security number is 566-77-8888.

Vince s birthday is 11/6/1988 and his Social Security number is 576-18-7928.

Joan s birthday is 2/1/1992 and her Social Security number is 575-92-4321.

Jennifer s birthday is 12/12/1999 and her Social Security number is


The Vances do not have any foreign bank accounts or trusts.

2. Judy is a lecturer at Xavier University in Cincinnati, where she earned $30,000.

The university withheld federal income tax of $3,375, state income tax of

$900, Cincinnati city income tax of $375, $1,260 of Social Security tax and

$435 of Medicare tax. She also worked part of the year for Delta Airlines.

Delta paid her $10,000 in salary, and withheld federal income tax of $1,125,

state income tax of $300, Cincinnati city income tax of $125, Social Security

tax of $420, and Medicare tax of $145.

3. The Vances received $800 of interest from State Savings Bank on a joint

account. They received interest of $1,000 on City of Cincinnati bonds they

bought in January with the proceeds of a loan from Third National Bank of

Cincinnati. They paid interest of $1,100 on the loan. Paul received a dividend

of $540 on General Bicycle Corporation stock he owns. Judy received a dividend

of $390 on Acme Clothing Corporation stock she owns. Paul and Judy

received a dividend of $865 on jointly owned stock in Maple Company. All of

the dividends received in 2011 are qualified dividends.

4. Paul practices under the name Paul J. Vance, DDS. His business is located at

645 West Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45211, and his employer identification number

is 01-2222222. Paul s gross receipts during the year were $111,000. Paul uses

C-8Appendix C

the cash method of accounting for his business. Paul s business expenses are as


Advertising $ 1,200

Professional dues 490

Professional journals 360

Contributions to employee benefit plans 2,000

Malpractice insurance 3,200

Fine for overbilling State of Ohio for work 5,000

performed on welfare patient

Insurance on office contents 720

Interest on money borrowed to refurbish office 600

Accounting services 2,100

Miscellaneous office expense 388

Office rent 12,000

Dental supplies 7,672

Utilities and telephone 3,360

Wages 30,000

Payroll taxes 2,400

In June, Paul decided to refurbish his office. This project was completed and the

assets placed in service on July 1. Paul s expenditures included $8,000 for new

office furniture, $6,000 for new dental equipment (seven-year recovery period),

and $2,000 for a new computer. Paul elected to compute his cost recovery

allowance using MACRS. He did not elect to use 179 immediate expensing,

and he chose to not claim any bonus depreciation.

5. Judy s mother, Sarah, died on July 2, 2006, leaving Judy her entire estate.

Included in the estate was Sarah s residence (325 Oak Street, Cincinnati, OH

45211). Sarah s basis in the residence was $30,000. The fair market value of the

residence on July 2, 2006, was $155,000. The property was distributed to Judy

on January 1, 2007. The Vances have held the property as rental property and

have managed it themselves. From 2007 until June 30, 2011, they rented the

house to the same tenant. The tenant was transferred to a branch office in

California and moved out at the end of June. Since they did not want to bother

finding a new tenant, Paul and Judy sold the house on June 30, 2011. They

received $140,000 for the house and land ($15,000 for the land and $125,000 for

the house), less a 6 percent commission charged by the broker. They had

depreciated the house using the MACRS rules and conventions applicable to

residential real estate. To compute depreciation on the house, the Vances had

allocated $15,000 of the property s basis to the land on which the house is

located. The Vances collected rent of $1,000 a month during the six months

the house was occupied during the year. They incurred the following related

expenses during this period:

Property insurance $500

Property taxes 800

Maintenance 465

Depreciation (to be computed) ?

6. The Vances sold 200 shares of Capp Corporation stock on September 3,

2011, for $42 a share (minus a $50 commission). The Vances received the

stock from Paul s father on June 25, 1980, as a wedding present. Paul s

father originally purchased the stock for $10 per share in 1967. The stock

was valued at $14.50 per share on the date of the gift. No gift tax was paid

on the gift.

Appendix CC-9

7. Judy is required by Xavier University to visit several high schools in the Cincinnati

area to evaluate Xavier University students who are doing their practice teaching.

However, she is not reimbursed for the expenses she incurs in doing this. During

the spring semester (January through April 2011), she drove her personal automobile

6,800 miles in fulfilling this obligation. Judy drove an additional 6,700 personal

miles during 2011. She has been using the car since June 30, 2010. Judy uses

the standard mileage method to calculate her car expenses.

8. Paul and Judy have given you a file containing the following receipts for expenditures

during the year:

Prescription medicine and drugs (net of insurance reimbursement) $ 376

Doctor and hospital bills (net of insurance reimbursement) 2,468

Penalty for underpayment of last year s state income tax 15

Real estate taxes on personal residence 4,762

Interest on home mortgage (paid to Home State Savings & Loan) 8,250

Interest on credit cards (consumer purchases) 595

Cash contribution to St. Matthew s church 3,080

Payroll deductions for Judy s contributions to the United Way 150

Professional dues (Judy) 325

Professional subscriptions (Judy) 245

Fee for preparation of 2010 tax return paid April 14, 2011 500

9. The Vances filed their 2010 federal, state, and local returns on April 14, 2011.

They paid the following additional 2010 taxes with their returns: federal income

taxes of $630, state income taxes of $250, and city income taxes of $75.

10. The Vances made timely estimated federal income tax payments of $1,500 each

quarter during 2011. They also made estimated state income tax payments of

$300 each quarter and estimated city income tax payments of $160 each quarter.

The Vances made all fourth-quarter payments on December 31, 2011. They would

like to receive a refund for any overpayments.