Upton Computers makes bulk purchases of small computers, stocks them in conveniently located warehouses, ships thme to its chain of retail stores and has a staff to advise customers and help them set up their new computers. Upton’s balance sheet as of December 31, 2010 is shown here (millions of dollars):



Accounts payable




Notes Payable






Total current assets


Total current liabilities


Net fixed assets


Mortgage loan


Common stock




Retained earnings


Total liabilities and equity


Sales for 2010 were $350 million and net income for the year was $10.5 million, so the firm’s profit margin was 3.0%. Upton paid dividends of $4.2 million to common stock holders, so its payout ratio was 40%. Its tax rate is 40% and it operated at full capacity.

Assume that all assets/sales ratios, spontaneous liabilities/sales ratios, the profit margin and the payout ratio remain constant in 2011.

1. If sales are projected to increase by $70 million, or 20% during 2011, use the AFN equation to determine Upton’s projected external capital requirements.

2. Using AFN equation, determine Upton’s self supporting growth rate. That is, what is the maximum growth ate the firm can achieve without having to employ nonspontaneous external funds?

3. Use the forecasted financial statement method to forecast Upton’s balance sheet for December 31, 2011. Assume that all additional external capital is raised as a bank loan at the end of the year and is reflected in notes payable (because the debt is added at the end of the year, there will be no additional interest expense due to the new debt). Assume Upton’s profit margin and dividend payout ratio will be the same in 2011 as they were in 2010. What is the amount of notes payable reported on 2011 forecasted balance sheet? (Hint: You don’t need to forecast the income statement because you were given the projected sales, profit margin, and dividends payout ratio; these figures allow you to calculate the 2011 addition to retained earnings for the balance sheet.)