Amfac Company manufactures a single product. The company keeps careful records of manufacturing activities from which the following information has been extracted:

Level of Activity

March?Low June?High

Number of units produced 6,000 9,000

Cost of goods manufactured $168,000 $257,000

Work in process inventory, beginning $9,000 $32,000

Work in process inventory, ending $15,000 $21,000

Direct materials cost per unit $6 $6

Direct labor cost per unit $10 $10

Manufacturing overhead cost, total ? ?

The company’s manufacturing overhead cost consists of both variable and fixed cost elements. To have data available for planning, management wants to determine how much of the overhead cost is variable with units produced and how much of it is fixed per month.

Requirement 1:

For both March and June, estimate the amount of manufacturing overhead cost added to production. The company had no underapplied or overapplied overhead in either month. (Hint: A useful way to proceed might be to construct a schedule of cost of goods manufactured.

March June

Manufacturing overhead cost ? $ $

Requirement 2:

Using the high-low method, estimate a cost formula for manufacturing overhead where X represents the number of units produced

Y = $ + $ X