Arrow Industries employs a standard cost system in which direct materials inventory is carried at standard cost. Arrow has established the following standards for the direct costs of one unit of product. Quantity Price Cost Direct materials 8 pounds $1.80 per pound $14.40Direct labor 0.25 hour $8.00 per hour ___2.00_ $16.40During May, Arrow purchased 160,000 pounds of direct materials at a total cost of $304,000. The total factory wages for May were $42,000, 90 percent of which were for direct labor. Arrow manufactured 19,000 units of product during May using 142,500 pounds of direct material and 5,000 direct labor hours.a. Calculate the direct materials price variance for May.b. Calculate the direct materials quantity variance for May.c. Calculate the direct labor wage rate variance for May.d. Calculate the direct labor efficiency variance for May.